Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka
v.1.1 September 8, 2002

Dave Sandhu

HQ Southern Command, Pune,  Lt. Gen. Depinder Singh

HQ IPKF, Madras,  Lt. Gen. A.S. Kalkat

Regiments/battalions that were a part of IPKF in Sri Lanka


Assam                              4,5,7

Bihar                                4,7,9,15

Dogra                               9,10,13,15

Garhwal Rifles                 4,5,11,12,13,16,18

1 Gorkha Rifles                1,4,5

5 Gorkha Rifles                1,3,4

8 Gorkha Rifles                6,7

11 Gorkha Rifles              1,3

Grenadiers                        12,18,19

Guards                              13,16

Jammu & Kashmir LI      1,11

Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 2

Jat                                     4,12,14,15

Kumaon                           7,9,11,16,18

Madras                             2,5,7,11,12,19,25

Mahar                              4,8,19

Maratha LI                      1,5,8,17

Mechanised Infantry       3,6,13,15,16,19

Parachute                        3,4,5,7

Para- Special Forces       1,9,10

Punjab                             3,19,21,26

Rajputana Rifles              5,7,11,16,19

Rajput                              4,5,6,17,25

Sikh                                 7,16,17,22

Sikh LI                            1,4,7,13,14

Engineer Regiments


Armored Corps

65th Armored Regiment

Mechanized infantry were usually used in dismounted role.

IPKF HQ dealt with Army HQ directly regarding operational matters.

Southern Command was responsible for logistic support, discipline and welfare

A Note on Indian Army Operations in Sri Lanka

54th Infantry Division was the first division sent in followed by the 36th Infantry Divisions. Neither was trained for jungle warfare. Later 57th Mountain Div and 4th Infantry Division were also inducted. The 57th had jungle and CI training, the 4th, like the first two divisions, was oriented for conventional large-scale operations on the Western front.

The IPKF generally was treated as a peacetime posting by army HQ. In approximately two and half years the divisions went through ten commanding officers. More than 40 Brigadiers also served, as brigade commanders of deputy divisional commanders. Some of them stayed for as little as 3 or 4 months and the left to attend long courses (a typical peace time posting and handling).

Some of the causes for the Indian failure can be attributed to:

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All content © 2003 Ravi Rikhye. Reproduction in any form prohibited without express permission.