Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka
v.1.1 September 8, 2002
HQ Southern Command, Pune, Lt. Gen. Depinder Singh
HQ IPKF, Madras, Lt. Gen. A.S. KalkatRegiments/battalions that were a part of IPKF in Sri Lanka
Garhwal Rifles 4,5,11,12,13,16,18
1 Gorkha Rifles 1,4,5
5 Gorkha Rifles 1,3,4
8 Gorkha Rifles 6,7
11 Gorkha Rifles 1,3
Jammu & Kashmir LI 1,11
Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 2
Maratha LI 1,5,8,17
Mechanised Infantry 3,6,13,15,16,19
Para- Special Forces 1,9,10
Rajputana Rifles 5,7,11,16,19
Sikh LI 1,4,7,13,14Engineer Regiments
65th Armored Regiment
Mechanized infantry were usually used in dismounted role.
IPKF HQ dealt with Army HQ directly regarding operational matters.
Southern Command was responsible for logistic support, discipline and welfare
A Note on Indian Army Operations in Sri Lanka
54th Infantry Division was the first division sent in followed by the 36th Infantry Divisions. Neither was trained for jungle warfare. Later 57th Mountain Div and 4th Infantry Division were also inducted. The 57th had jungle and CI training, the 4th, like the first two divisions, was oriented for conventional large-scale operations on the Western front.
The IPKF generally was treated as a peacetime posting by army HQ. In approximately two and half years the divisions went through ten commanding officers. More than 40 Brigadiers also served, as brigade commanders of deputy divisional commanders. Some of them stayed for as little as 3 or 4 months and the left to attend long courses (a typical peace time posting and handling).
Some of the causes for the Indian failure can be attributed to:
Back to Main